10 LPI paletė (Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrheae, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida albicans, Herpes simplex 1/2)
Chlamydia trachomatis - Genitourinary tract (urinary and genital) C. trachomatis infection (syn. chlamydia) is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) that often has no symptoms, leading to delayed diagnosis and continuous transmission of the bacterium to sexual partners. If not diagnosed in time and spread between sexual partners, it causes reproductive health disorders (infertility).
Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonorrhea, which is one of the most important sexually transmitted infections. The disease manifests as acute urethritis in men and cervicitis in women. Gonorrhea in women can often be asymptomatic. Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is associated with ectopic pregnancy, infertility, adnexitis, inflammation of the abdominal cavity. Using a PCR reaction to identify Neisseria gonorrhoeae DNA compared to a culture significantly reduces the time needed to identify the causative agent. At the same time, the sensitivity and specificity of the test increases. If the sample is to be transported, this test is always preferable to culture. One of the circumstances leading to this choice is that for PCR identification of Neisseria gonorrhoeae it is not necessary to have a viable microorganism without contamination from other elements of the microflora.
Mycoplasma hominis - a conditionally pathogenic microorganism, as it is isolated from 10-50 percent. genital and urinary tracts of healthy people, colonizes the vagina and cervix of women, can infect the fetus and be the cause of miscarriage or fetal infection. The source of infection is a person suffering from mycoplasmosis or a healthy mycoplasma carrier.
Mycoplasma genitalium - the effect is similar to Chlamydia trachomatis: in women it causes inflammatory diseases of the small pelvis, inflammation of the urethra and cervix (urethritis and cervicitis), and in men - inflammation of the prostate and urethra (prostatitis and urethritis), the symptoms of which are more pronounced than those caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Most often causes a chronic disease. During the acute period, purulent, increased secretions from the genitals appear, itching, burning and stinging of the external genitals occur, sometimes enlarged lymph nodes can be felt in the groin area.
Ureaplasma spp - in women, ureaplasmas are more often found in cervical, pelvic organ inflammations. In men, ureaplasmas are more often found in urethra and prostate inflammations, they can worsen the quality of sperm.
Trichomonas vaginalis - can be transmitted during unprotected sex, including kissing. In women, it causes inflammation of the urethra, vagina, cervix, in men - in the urethra, prostate, and testicles.
Gardnerella vaginalis - the test detects bacterial vaginosis caused by the bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis. Undiagnosed and untreated disease can become complicated and cause urinary tract infection, inflammation of the ovaries or cervix, premature birth, and increase the risk of miscarriage. It is very common during pregnancy, as well as several weeks after childbirth. This happens due to changes in the acidity (pH) of the woman's vagina, additional physical exertion during pregnancy. Good bacteria, called lactobacilli, need a more acidic environment to survive in a woman's body.
Candida albicans - The test detects an overgrowth of Candida albicans in the mucous membranes of the urinary and genital tracts, which causes candidiasis or thrush.
Herpes simplex 1/2 - the test detects the herpes simplex virus that causes herpes simplex. It is a viral infection that is not completely curable and keeps recurring, but with the right treatment in time, its symptoms can be completely eliminated.