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Lyme disease (borrelia burgdorferi) IgM antibodies
Determination of the amount of Lyme Disease Immunoglobulin M antibodies in the blood by immunoenzymatic Elisa method
Borreliosis Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by Borrelia bacteria. The disease is transmitted to humans by ticks that have previously ingested wild animals with Borrelia bacteria in their bodies. Lyme disease is most often transmitted to a person when the tick remains attached for 24 hours or more.
When infected, Lyme disease, the human body produces antibodies. In the early stage of the disease, the body produces antibodies of the IgM class, later it begins to produce antibodies of the IgG class.
It is the amount of antibodies of these immunoglobulin G and M classes that is determined during Lyme disease blood tests using the immunoenzymatic Elisa method.
Each person's body reacts individually to an infectious disease and starts producing antibodies at different times. Therefore, blood tests for Lyme disease are recommended at least 2 weeks after tick ingestion. In the period of 2 - 6 weeks after a tick bite, it is necessary to perform a Borreliosis IgM blood test, although infectious disease doctors recommend testing both classes of antibodies in order to assess their ratio.
Lyme Disease IgG antibody blood test is used in the later stages of the disease diagnosis and during the treatment of the disease.
Lyme Disease IgM class blood test is performed from blood serum. A blood sample is taken in tubes with a red or yellow stopper. The blood sample is centrifuged to extract the serum. The serum is stable for up to 7 days at a temperature of 4 degrees. Frozen blood serum can be tested for several months.
Lyme disease IgM blood test ranges depend on the analyzer used in the laboratory to perform the test, so different laboratories may have different ranges.